The key people responsible for ensuring the environment is safe are premises owners and managers, and/or event promoters. The local police, fire and environmental health services will give advice and sometimes require particular works to take place in order to ensure that these key people are creating a safe environment.
The Licensing Act 2003
The Licensing Act 2003 established a single licensing system for premises which supply alcohol, provide entertainment or provide late night refreshments; and it remains the key piece of legislation with updated guidance issued occasionally. Any individual or company wishing to put on events will need to comply with the requirements of the Act. The police, fire authorities, and others, are notified of every application for a new licence, or variation of existing licences. There are also mechanisms for the consultation of local residents.
The Four Licensing Objectives
The Act requires every local licensing authority (which sits within the local authority) to carry out its duties with a view to promoting four licensing objectives:
- Public safety,
- The prevention of crime and disorder,
- The prevention of public nuisance, and
- The protection of children from harm.
These objectives provide the framework on which decisions to grant licences are based − a licensing authority may only refuse applications or revoke licences based on a failure to promote one or more of the four objectives.